Ed wrote: > What is the difference between 1E-12, 10E-12, and 10^-12? E means raised to the power of ten. x E y is shorthand for X * 10^y. (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_notation#E_notation) 1E-12 and 10^-12 are the same number, specifically 1,000,000,000,000. 10E-12 is one order of magnitude (ten times) larger. -ch